The funding required by the UN’s plea for climate disaster has soared by more than 800% in 20 years as global warming takes hold. But only about half of it is encountered by rich countries, according to a new report by Oxfam.
Last year was the third most expensive recorded for extreme weather events such as droughts, floods and wildfires with total economic costs. valued at $ 329 billionalmost twice the total help donated by donor nations.
While poor countries have appealed for $ 63-75 billion in emergency humanitarian aid over the past five years, they have only received $ 35-42 billion, leaving a gap that. Oxfam condemned as “piece and painfully inadequate”.
While diplomats are sitting in Bonn on Tuesday for the first round of climate talks on “loss and damage” – costs related to all kinds of climate destruction – Danny Sriskandarajah, head of Oxfam GB, described the financial breach as “unacceptable”.
He said: “Wealthy countries are not only failing to provide adequate humanitarian aid when weather-related disasters hit. They are also failing to deliver on their $ 100 billion a year pledge to help developing countries adapt to the changing climate, and are blocking funding to help them recover. of impacts such as land that has become uncultivated and infrastructure that has been damaged.
“Wealthy countries like the UK need to take full responsibility for the damage their emissions cause and provide new funding for loss and damage caused by climate change in the poorest countries.”
Activists point out that the UK actually cut aid to climate disaster countries ahead of the last Cop26 autumn conference in Glasgow. Wealthy nations have blocked trials at the Police to set up a financial mechanism to cover claims for loss and damage, a matter which will reappear in the Bonn negotiations.
Head of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Patricia Espinosa, said on Monday that the time had come to deal with the problem of loss and damage “in an open, constructive and respectful manner”.
Police President Alok Sharma declined to comment, but a British government spokesman said: “Cop26 has made significant progress in action on loss and damage. We look forward to maintaining this momentum.”
In a sign that the issue has risen on the global agenda, statement by G7 foreign ministers last month nodded to loss and damage for the first time, while Germany’s new climate envoy, Jennifer Morgan, suggested new “global shield” for climate as a possible solution.
The percentage of official development assistance (ODA) money used for climate spending has hardly changed last decade, even when the sums demanded by disaster-stricken countries were rockets.
In 2017, extreme weather was cited as a “major” factor in the majority of UN humanitarian appeals for the first time, the Oxfam report said. By 2021, it was a “significant” or “contributing” factor in 78% of all such appeals, up from 35.7% in 2000. The UN expects more. 40% increase in climate disasters by 2030 but the human and financial cost of extreme weather is already rising.
More than half a million people have left their homes in the worst drought in Somalia in 40 years, Save the Children said Monday. A quarter of a million people died during the country’s last famine in 2011 – half of them children under the age of five. Severe climate-related droughts are also continuing to spread in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, while South Sudan is suffering from a fifth year of extreme flooding.
Oxfam said the four countries collectively accounted for only 0.1% of current global emissions, compared to 37% of rich and industrialized countries.
“The results of the report are harsh,” said Madeleine Diouf Sarr, president of the Least Developed Countries at the UN climate talks. “We broadcast almost nothing, but in our group of countries there are sinking islands, landslides burying homes, hospitals washed away by catastrophic weather events. Rich countries have a history.[al] responsibility for this crisis, why should they not help clean up the mess? ”
Asad Rehman, the director of War on Want, added that the report showed “the brutal reality of climate apartheid that is unfolding before our eyes”.
“Wealthy countries are committing a global fire and refuse to stop pouring more oil and gas on the fire they started. But before the bill for the damage they caused, they claim to have empty pockets,” he said. “It is a deadly response shaped by a colonial mindset that for 500 years has caused injustice and injustice, with the lives of those with black or brown skin in poorer countries considered less valuable to those of Western citizens.”