IBM wants 4,000 quantum computers by 2025

IBM has great plans for its quantum computing systems but acknowledges that a lot of work needs to be done.

IBM has announced its goal of building a 4,000 kbit system by 2025 at its Think! an event this week saying it wants to build hands-on quantum computing systems that feature a smart software orchestral layer to effectively distribute workloads and eliminate infrastructure challenges.

“We think that by next year, we will begin prototyping quantum software for specific use cases,” IBM stated. “We will begin to define these services with our first test case — machine learning — working with partners to accelerate the path to useful quantum software.”

The big goal is to build what in today’s terms would be a massive quantum computer – a 4,000+ quantum system built with clusters of quantum processors. IBM’s current quantum processor, Eagle, supports 127-kbit processing, and by the end of the year it expects to launch Osprey, a 433-kbit processor, which will be followed in 2023 by the 1,121-kbit Condor processor.

Achieving the huge goal that IBM envisions will involve connecting three 1,386-kbit multi-chip processors IBM calls Kookaburra for a total of 4,158-kbit.

To achieve this goal IBM and its partners will have to develop tons of new software that can monitor and link such systems together eliminating errors that can drag down quantum work.

“Our goal is to build quantum-centric supercomputers,” IBM researchers wrote in a blog about the company’s plans. “The quantum-centric supercomputer will incorporate quantum processors, classical processors, quantum communication networks, and classical networks, all working together to completely transform the way we compute.”

To achieve its goals, IBM said it must solve the challenge of scaling quantum processors by developing a runtime environment to provide quantum computing with increased speed and quality, and introducing a pointless programming model to allow quantum and classical processors to work together without friction.

IBM plans to build on its current Qiskit Runtime software to experiment with algorithms for creating and handling quantum programs.

IBM said in 2023 it will support direct Qiskit Runtime and cloud-built workflows to bring seamless access to the core quantum software and give developers a high level of simplicity and flexibility. This uninterrupted approach will also mark a critical step in achieving the smart and efficient distribution of problems across quantum and classical systems, IBM said.

In that time frame the company will also add the capability for quantum processors to run in parallel. In addition, IBM said it would develop short-range, chip-level couplers to connect quantum chips to form a single, larger processor.

“In 2024 and 2025, we will introduce error mitigation and suppression techniques in Qiskit Runtime so that users can focus on improving the quality of the results obtained by quantum hardware. These techniques will help lay the groundwork for quantum error correction in the future,” IBM said. declared.

The company said it thinks it will partner until next year to start prototyping quantum software for specific use cases, starting with machine learning. By 2025, IBM said, model developers will be able to explore quantum applications in machine learning, optimization, science, and more.

Join the Network World communities above Facebook and LinkedIn comment on topics that are most relevant.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.